2. The famous Mexican General Santa Anna lost one of his legs in battle and he held an elaborate state funeral (complete with 21-gun salutes, speeches, poems etc) for the amputated leg.
|General Santa Anna|
4. Roman Emperor from 12-41 AD, Gaius Caligula, whom many historians agree was insane, actually made his best horse a Senator.
|Caligula and His Horse|
6. Pope Pius II was a popular author before he became Pope. One of his famous books was "The Tale of Two Lovers", a very popular erotic book of that period.
|Pope Pius II|
These inventions ranged from bells, whistles and even a spring-loaded ejector coffin.
8. In medieval Europe animals were routinely put on trial and these animals (rats, dogs, horses, pigs etc) were often sentenced to death, imprisoned and even excommunicated.
|Animal on Trial|
9. During the Dark Ages in Europe there were practices that were called "Trials by Ordeal". They were crude and inhuman ways of determining the innocence or guilt of an accused person.
One practice involves the accused dipping hands inside a pot of boiling water. If the arm emerges from the boiling water unscatched, then the accused was innocent, otherwise the person was guilty.
|Hot Water Ordeal|
|Hot Iron Ordeal|
11. Wealthy and educated Europeans in the 16th and 17th Century ate human corpses and drank human blood believing that they would cure them of their ailments.
12. In early Roman society a typical family includes unmarried children, married sons with their families etc.
The oldest male was the ruler of the family, and he could legally kill any member of his family without any consequences.
13. Before the 1960's in the United States tobacco companies ran advertisements that were expressly endorsed by doctors and physicians.
15. Pregnant women in early America were not given pain killers during delivery because because the pain was considered "God's Punishment" to Eve for eating the forbidden fruit.